While melanoma is a type of skin cancer, rarely it can also develop beneath the surface of the nail. Called subungual (under the nail) melanoma, it appears as a brown or black streak. Often people delay seeing a doctor because they mistake the discolouration for a bruise, assuming they must have stubbed their toe or hit a finger.
To learn more about it please view the:
Canadian Dermatology Association website
Fungal infections of the nails can be the result of the same fungi that cause athlete’s foot, jock itch and ringworm. Common sources of fungal infections include public swimming pools and gym locker rooms and showers. People who perspire a lot are also more susceptible to this kind of condition. Fungal infections occur more often in feet than hands, probably due to their warm moist environment and the fact that we do not wash them as often as hands. To learn more about it please view the:
Hirsutism is the excessive growth of hair on various parts of the body and it usually follows a male pattern of hair growth. Hair is usually coarse, dark and appears on the face (i.e. upper lip, chin) chest and back. To learn more about it please view the:
Folliculitis refers to inflammation of hair follicles and develops when hair follicles become damaged, which can happen due to friction from clothing or irritation caused by shaving.
It is also known as “barber’s itch” when folliculitis occurs in the beard area of the face. It usually involves redness and swelling, and often an infection may develop. The affected follicles usually become infected with the bacteria Staphylococcus aureus (staph). Some common symptoms include a rash, itching, pimples or pustules, usually in the neck or groin area. To learn more about it please view the:
Alopecia is hair loss that upsets the cycle of hair loss and new growth — you start to lose more hair and start to grow back less to replace it, which results in thinning effect or bald patches. Some hair loss is just part of a natural cycle of hair growth. We lose about 100 hairs a day, but new ones grow back to replace them normally. To learn more about it please view the:
Malignant melanoma is a less common but highly dangerous form of skin cancer.
When found at an early stage, melanoma has one of the highest cure rates of all cancers at more than 90 per cent. If left untreated, melanoma starts to invade into the skin. When it reaches the blood stream or the lymphatic system, it has a chance to spread to other parts of the body and often causes death. To learn more about it please view the:
Basal cell carcinoma is the most common form of skin cancer in Canada.
This type of skin cancer fortunately is the least dangerous but must be treated since it will continue to grow, invading and destroying surrounding skin tissue, eventually causing disfigurement. To learn more about it please view the:
Squamous cell carcinoma – skin cancer is the second most common form of skin cancer in Canada after basal cell skin cancer.
This form of skin cancer must be treated because the lesion may continue to grow in size, damaging surrounding tissue, and may spread to other areas of the body. To learn more about it please view the:
Although actinic keratoses are not true skin cancers, it is important to have these lesions treated as they have the potential to change into squamous cell skin cancers. To learn more about it please view the:
Rosacea (row-zay-sha) is a chronic skin condition that affects mainly the face.
The first signs of rosacea may be redness or blushing that comes and goes initially. Over time, the redness may become persistent and more visible.The most common sites for symptoms are the cheeks, nose, chin, and forehead.
Sometimes, rosacea may involve the eyes as well, and include symptoms such as blood-shot eyes that feel gritty. Over half of rosacea sufferers may experience eye symptoms. To learn more about it please view the:
Psoriasis is a common chronic inflammatory skin condition that involves red elevated patches and flaking silvery scales. It can take on several different forms and appearances, and symptoms can range from mild to severe. To learn more about it please view the:
Photoaging is premature aging of the skin caused by repeated exposure to ultraviolet radiation (UV) primarily from the sun, but also from artificial UV sources.”Photo” is derived the Greek word “phos” which means “light”. So, aging of the skin caused by light. Photoaging is different from chronologic aging, as the damaging effects of UV rays from the sun (or artificial tanning sources) alter the normal structures of the skin. To learn more about it please view the:
Eczema, also referred to as Dermatitis, is a type of inflammation of the skin.
Inflamed or eczematous skin is red, itchy and swollen sometimes with fluid-filled bumps that ooze and crust.
Common causes of eczema include an allergic reaction to something touching the skin such as poison ivy or nickel and contact with chemicals that damage the outer skin such as strong soaps and substances that dry or irritate the skin. To learn more about it please view the:
Hyperhidrosis is a disorder that defines individuals who sweat more than the body would normally need to maintain optimal temperature.
It affects approximately 3% of the population – some 950,000 Canadians – of whom 300,000 have a severe form of the disorder. To learn more about it please view the:
Acne is the most common skin care problem seen by doctors. It occurs when pores become clogged by a combination of an oily substance produced by the skin called sebum, dirt, and dead skin cells.
Often, bacteria called Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes), can be present too, which can contribute to the redness, swelling and pus that can accompany lesions. The visible result is acne, which is the term used to describe blackheads, whiteheads, pimples, and cysts. Acne usually appears on the face and neck but it can include shoulders, back, and arms. To learn more about it please view the: